1919: The boll weevil monument is dedicated in Enterprise. The monument honors the insect that killed cotton plants and forced local farmers to diversify by planting more profitable crops such as peanuts. Even though the monument was in appreciation of the boll weevil, the weevil statue was not added to the monument until [...]
1873: The Colored Normal School at Huntsville is created by legislative act. Founded by ex-slave William Hooper Councill, the school educated black teachers for the public schools. It became a land-grant institution in 1891, eventually evolving into Alabama A&M University.
Source: Alabama Department of Archives and History
1973: Football player, Terrell Owens, was born in Alexander City
1847: The Alabama legislature begins its first session in the new capital of Montgomery. The capitol building cost $75,000 to build and was paid for by the citizens of Montgomery. It was destroyed by fire two years later.
1935: Educator, F. David Matthews, was born in Grove Hill
From Alabama [...]
1919: Loraine Bedsole Bush becomes the first woman to head a state agency in Alabama when she is named director of the newly created Child Welfare Department. Long involved in state and national efforts to reform child labor laws, Bush was largely responsible for the establishment of the department.
1935: The Alabama [...]
1905: Businessman, musician, and historian James F. Sulzby, Jr was born in Birmingham.
1906: William Lay founded the Alabama Power Company in Gadsden.
1939: NASCAR legend Bobby Allison was born in Miami, Florida.
1865: Adhering to President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction plan, the Alabama legislature ratifies the thirteenth amendment abolishing slavery in the United States, but with the caveat that such an action did “not confer upon Congress the power to legislate upon the political status of freedmen in this State.” The 1868 legislature, adhering to [...]
1955: Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, is arrested for refusing to give up her seat for a boarding white passenger as required by Montgomery city ordinance. Her action prompted the historic Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1954: A meteorite weighing eight and one-half pounds crashes into Ann Hodges of Sylacauga as she rests on her living room couch. The event gave Hodges a severely bruised hip and instant celebrity status. The meteorite, the first one known to have caused injury to a human, is housed at the Alabama [...]
1902: The New York Medical Record publishes an account of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill performing the first open heart surgery in the western hemisphere when he sutured a knife wound in a young boy’s heart. Dr. Hill was the father of Alabama politician and U.S. senator Lister Hill.
1982: Actor, Lucas [...]
1947: Writer, Gustav Hasford, was born in Rainsville
1981: Bear Bryant became college football’s winningest coach, earning his 315th victory when the Alabama Crimson Tide beat Auburn 28-17
1985: Lyn St. James set a record closed course run for a female at over 200 mph at Talladega Superspeedway.
1869: By joint resolution of the legislature, Alabama ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The amendment guaranteed the right to vote to blacks, including former slaves.
1874: George Smith Houston, a Democrat, is inaugurated governor, signaling the end of Reconstruction in Alabama. In addition to defeating the incumbent Republican [...]
1896: Miner and WWI veteran Henry Higginbotham was born in Nauvoo.
1949: Broadcaster Tom Joyner was born in Tuskegee
1957: Andrew Toney was born in Birmingham.